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RS Electrogravitic References: Part 7 of 19.

When individual molecules are not permanently magnetized, it is possible in 
some cases to have a relative magnetic permeability u which is less than one. 
Such a material, like hydrogen or BISMUTH, is called diamagnetic. It tends to 
expel magnetic field, and is repelled from regions of stronger magnetic field. 
The names paramagnetic and diamagnetic are sometimes confused: paramagnetic is 
analogous to a dielectric in an electric field, while diamagnetic is quite the 
opposite.

It is not possible to give a simple argument of why diamagnetism can occur. it 
is strictly speaking a quantum effect. However, one can see that there might 
be diamagnetic tendencies if electric currents can flow within molecules. An 
increasing magnetic field always tends to induce currents to flow in such a 
way as to tend to prevent the increase in the field. This is (at least 
temporarily) a diamagnetic kind of effect.

Thus the case where the relative magnetic permeablility u < 1, is connected 
with the flow of electric charges in a magnetic field. There is no analogous 
case with electric fields since isolated magnetic poles do no, so far as is 
known exist. - "The New Physics" edited by Paul Davies -----------------------
----------------------------------------- 

GE engineer Henry Wallace found unusual gravitational effects in spinning odd 
atomic nulceide metals. Odd atomic nucleide metals are those in which the sum 
of the protons are not equal to the number of neutrons, i.e. more neutrons. 
See US patents 3626605 and 3626606. -Ron Kita
---------------------------------------------------------------------- 

"Also indicated in the embodiment is the orientation of the flux within the 
mass circuit, the latter being constructed preferredly of BISMUTH."
- Henry Wallace, US patent # 3626605, Method and Apparatus for 
Generating a Secondary Gravitational Force Field -----------------------------
---------------------------------------- 

AUTHOR(s):	Uyeda, C. Yamanaka, T. Miyako, Y.
TITLE(s):	Magnetic rotation of diamagnetic oxide crystals and
the origin of diamagnetic anistropies.

In: Physica B. Condensed matter.
MAY 01 1995 v 211 n 1/4 Page: 342
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A while back I had the need to take a peek at a copy of the periodic table of 
elements. So I grabbed my old, dusty college chemistry book that I could never 
quite bring myself to toss. It's called "Chemical Principles", published WAY 
back in 1970. While looking through the book, I was stunned when I came across 
a discussion of the possibilities of new elements.
"What lies ahead for the synthesis of transuranium elements? Will there be 
more radioactive and extremely short-lived species such as 97 through 104? It 
now appears as if there is a chance of reaching a new zone of stability that 
might even include some none radioactive elements. Calculations with nuclear 
shell models have led to the expectation that element 114, with 114 protons 
and 184 neutrons (both magic numbers in the new shell theory) would be an 
island of stability in a sea of instability."
I noted that some information was taken from an article in the April 1969 
(pages 57-67) issue of "Scientific American" by Dr. Glenn Seaborg. In this 
article, there are excellent graphics showing the expected half-lives of all 
the heavyweights. They predict a fission half-life for the most stable isotope 
of 114 of 10 to the 16th years, and a alpha-decay half-life of 1,000 years. 
They didn't go into the same level of detail for 115, but it looks like the 
stuff would clock out considerably sooner by way of beta decay. BTW, according 
to the article, the proper terminology to denote an undiscovered element in a 
periodic column is the prefix "eka". Therefore element 115 should be eka-
BISMUTH. Lose this Un-un-pentium crap! - Tom Mahood
------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

Lazar is not the only one to theorize that the 114/115 area is stable. Check 
out the August 31, 1991 issue of New Scientist -- that respected peer-reviewed 
periodical. Find Glenn Seaborg's article called "The search for the missing 
elements." Seaborg is a renowned scientist who won the Nobel Prize for 
Chemistry in 1951. He and his research group at the Lawrence Berkeley 
Laboratory have discovered 10 of the transuranium elements. His article is 
very technical and interesting, and in it he has two separate graphs that show 
islands of stability at the 114/115 area. There is a sea of instability around 
these "islands." -------------------------------------------------------------
------------- 

AUTHOR(s):	Bhattacharyya, S. Ghoshal, A. Ghatak, K.P.
TITLE(s):	On the field emission from bismuth in the presence of a
quantizing magnetic field.
In: Fizika; a journal of experimental and theoretic 
APR 01 1991 v 23 n 2 Page 159

AUTHOR(s):	Byrne, A. P. Birkental, U. Hubel, H.
TITLE:	High-Spin States in 205Bi.
In: Zeitschrift fur Physik. A, Atomic nuclei 
1989 v 334 n 3 Page: 247

AUTHOR(s):	Vezzoli, G.C. Chen, M.F. Craver, F.
TITLE(s):	Magnetically-related properties of bismuth containing high
Tc superconductors.
In: Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials. 
AUG 01 1990 v 88 n 3 Page 351

AUTHOR(s):	Bannerjee, D. Bhattacharya, R.
TITLE(s):	Magnetic Properties of Single Crystals of Bismuth Doped
with Lead and Tin.
In: Physica status solidi. b: basic research. 
JAN 01 1990 v 157 n 1 Page 443

AUTHOR(s):	Zhilyaev, I. N.
TITLE(s):	Observation of kinetic paramagnetic effect in bismuth in a
transverse magnetic field.
In: Soviet journal of low temperature physics. 
SEP 01 1988 v 14 n 9 Page 502

AUTHOR(s):	Mondal, M. Banik, S.N. Ghatak, K.P.
TITLE(s):	Effect of a quantizing magnetic field on the Einstein
relation in bismuth.
In: Canadian journal of physics.
JAN 01 1989 v 67 n 1 Page 72

AUTHOR(s):	Zheng, Q. Zeng, Z. Lai, W.
TITLE(s):	The influence of Al on the electronic structure and
magnetic properties of doped MnBi with huge enhancement of Kerr rotation.
In: Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials. 
FEB 01 1992 v 104/107 p 2 Page 1019
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CONDENSED MATTER, ABSTRACT COND-MAT/9601068 From: arghya@mri.ernet.in ("Arghya 
Taraphder") Date: Wed, 17 Jan 1996 14:30:54 +0500
The Exotic Barium Bismuthates
Authors: A. Taraphder, Rahul Pandit, H.R. Krishnamurthy, T.V. Ramakrishnan 
We review the remarkable properties, including superconductivity, charge-
density-wave ordering, and metal-insulator transitions, of lead- and 
potassium-doped barium bismuthate. We discuss some of the early theoretical 
studies of these systems. Our recent theoretical work, on the negative-$U\/$, 
extended-Hubbard model for these systems, is also described. Both the large- 
and intermediate-$U\/$ regimes of this model are examined, using mean-field 
and random-phase approximations, particularly with a view to fitting various 
experimental properties of these bismuthates. On the basis of our studies, we 
point out possibilities for exotic physics in these systems. We also emphasize 
the different consequences of electronic and phonon-mediated mechanisms for 
the negative $U.\/$ We show that, for an electronic mechanism, the \secin 
\,\,phases of these bismuthates must be unique, with their transport 
properties {\it dominated by charge $\pm 2e$ Cooperon bound states}. This can 
explain the observed difference between the optical and transport gaps. We 
propose other experimental tests for this novel mechanism of charge transport 
and comment on the effects of disorder. --------------------------------------
----------------------------------- 

Huston, David L.
The nature and possible significance of the Batamote copper-bismuth-silver 
anomaly, Pima County, Arizona / by David L. Huston and Paul K. Theobald. 
Washington : U.S. G.P.O. ; Denver, CO : For sale by the Books and Open-File 
Reports Section, U.S. Geological Survey, 1990. v, 19 p. : ill., maps LC CALL 
NUMBER: QE75 .B9 no. 1907 (ALTERNATE CLASS QE390.2.C6) SUBJECTS: Copper ores--
Arizona--Batamote Mountains Region. U.S. Geological Survey bulletin ; 1907

Beck, Sherwin M.
Measured electron conversion ratios for the 1064-keV gamma ray of bismuth-207, 
by Sherwin M. Beck. Washington, National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 
[for sale by the Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical 
Information, Springfield, Va.] 1970. 39 p. illus. 27 cm. LC CALL NUMBER: TL521 
.A3525 no. 6057
SUBJECTS: Bismuth--Isotopes. Nuclear counters. NASA technical note, NASA TN D-
6057
----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

The following is an excerpt from a telephone interview between Stanton 
Friedman (F) and Dr. Robert Sarabacher (S). Sarabacher was a prominent, US 
government scientist who had a secret briefing with Canadian scientist Wilbert 
Smith in 1950 and told Smith that that facts in a recent popular book about a 
UFO crash at Aztec, New Mexico were "essentially true" and that UFO's were 
classified by the US government 2 points higher than the H bomb. Sarabacher 
died in July 1986. Before Sarabacher died, Stanton Friedman did a phone 
interview with him. In between Friedmann's attempts to dig more UFO info out 
of Sarabacher, there was a lot of small talk, and since Sarabacher was fairly 
old, he tended to ramble a bit. However, a most interesting statement was made 
by Sarabacher:

F: Were you guys talking about nuclear powered flight at that time? 

S: Oh, we were possibly, yes, but I held, had certain ideas see, 
one of the problems today, we really don't know what gravity is. We don't know 
and I had an idea, I'm willing to work on it in one of my theses but then my 
professor didn't believe me, but I had determined that BISMUTH did not obey 
the laws of gravity. So I thought that, "Gee, there's a leak". I might be able 
to get nature to tell me something.

So where exactly is Bismuth on the Periodic Table of Elements? Why directly 
above where 115 would fall if it exists. And the way the table works, 
(generally speaking) elements in the same column have similar properties. So, 
just what the hell was Sarabacher referring to? I don't know, but it's sure 
intriguing! It appears it was back when he was a grad student, in maybe the 
30s or 40s. Whatever it was, it was at the very edge of the ability of 
equipment at the time. Does Bismuth possess any very subtle anomolous physical 
properties? -- Tom Mahood
-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

In the Wallace patent, #3626606, Figs. 7A and 7B are side views of a gravity-
NEUTRALIZING FLYING SAUCER, or, if anchored to the ground, a ZERO-GRAVITY 
CHAMBER. Each oval diagram shows a motor spinning a central disc at a very 
high speed, about 28,000 RPM, and also rotating two other discs sandwiched 
around the first disc, via gears, at a much slower speed, perhaps 2,800 RPM, 
in the opposite direction. The two outer discs have extensions [counter-
balanced via off-center axis] that, as they rotate, alternately make contact 
with two wide extensions from opposite walls of the spacecraft. The central 
disc should have shallow spiral-shaped grooves on both sides for air-bearings, 
to allow the needed very close contact with the two outer discs. Each of the 
two outer discs has ONLY ONE [counter-balanced] extension, each one pointed 
opposite (180 degrees) the extension of the other disc. The most important 
factor making it work is that the discs, extensions, and outer walls of the 
spacecraft MUST be made of any material(s) in which a very large majority of 
the atoms are of isotopes having "HALF-INTEGRAL ATOMIC SPINS", such as copper 
(3/2).
- Robert E. McElwaine
----------------------------------------------------------------------- 

AUTHOR(s):	Sun, W. Stephen, J.T. Wu, Y.
TITLE(s):	Rotation-Induced Resonance and Second-Order Quadrupolar
Effects on Spin Locking of Half-Integer Quadrupolar Nuclei.
In: Journal of magnetic resonance. series a. 
OCT 01 1995 v 116 n 2 Page: 181

AUTHOR(s):	Seliger, J. Blinc, R.
TITLE(s):	Orientation dependences of quadrupolar spin-lattice
relaxation rates of spin-3/2 nuclei subject to a random two-site exchange in a 
high magnetic field: a theoretical study.
In: Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Inst 
DEC 13 1993 v 5 n 50 Page: 9401
--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

Thanks for the patent info about Wallace, I got them a few days ago and found 
it quite enjoyable. Actually, many people have had this notion at one time or 
another, I think Oleg Jefimenko wrote a book relating to this subject.
-- Keith Nagel

AUTHOR:	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE:	Electricity and magnetism : an introduction to the theory of
electric and magnetic fields / Oleg D. Jefimenko. EDITION: 2nd ed.
PUBL.:	Star City, W. Va. : Electret Scientific Co.,
DATE:	1989
SUBJECT: Electromagnetism
ISBN:	0917406081

AUTHOR:	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE:	Electrostatic motors; their history, types, and principles of
operation (by) Oleg D. Jefimenko. With many illus., of which 57 are by David 
K. Walker.
PUBL.:	Star City (W. Va.) Electret Scientific Co.
DATE:	1973
SUBJECT: Electrostatic apparatus and appliances 

AUTHOR:	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE:	Causality, electromagnetic induction, and gravitation: a
different approach to the theory of electromagnetic and gravitational fields" 
b
PUBL:	Star City [West Virginia] : Electret Scientific Co.,
DATE:	1992.
SUBJECTS: Electromagnetic fields. Gravitational fields. Causality. 
Maxwell Equations.

AUTHOR(s):	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):	Direct calculation of electric and magnetic forces from
In: American journal of physics.
JUL 01 1990 v 58 n 7 Page 625

AUTHOR(s):	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):	Direct calculation of the electric magnetic fields of an
electric point charge moving with constant velocity. In: American journal of 
physics.
JAN 01 1994 v 62 n 1 Page 79

AUTHOR(s):	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):	Force exerted on a stationary charge by a moving electric
current or by a moving magnet.
In: American journal of physics.
MAR 01 1993 v 61 n 3 Page 218

AUTHOR(s):	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):	Retardation and relativity: The case of a moving line
charge.
In: American journal of physics.
MAY 01 1995 v 63 n 5 Page 454

AUTHOR(s):	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):	Retardation and relativity; Derivation of Lorentz-Einstein
transformation from retarded integrals for electric and magnetic fields.
In: American journal of physics.
MAR 01 1995 v 63 n 3 Page 267

AUTHOR(s):	Jefimenko, Oleg D.
TITLE(s):	Solutions of Maxwell's equations for electric and magnetic
fields in arbitrary media.
In: American journal of physics.
OCT 01 1992 v 60 n 10 Page 899
----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

"Anti-Gravity Electronics", H. Aspden, Electroncis & Wireless World, 
Jan 1 1989, Vol 95 No 1635
Reinterpretation of Netwon's third law of motion suggests that it depends upon 
an electronic action. Electronic interaction therefore explains the 
paradoxical anti-gravity properties of the force precessed gyroscope.

"The Anti-Gravity Puzzle", Mark Ander, Professional Pilot, Aug 1 1989 
Exploring the possibility of exceptions to Newton's inverse-square law of 
gravity, scientists pursue evidence in strange locations. 

"The Latest Antigravity Gossip", Rock & Ice, Nov 1 1994 No 64 

"Propulsion by Gyro", Eric Laithwaite, Space, Sep 1989 Vol 5 No 5 
In an attempt to reveal the strange, hidden properties of gyroscopes, 
Professor Eric Laithwaite explains the physics behind the idea that a 
propulsion system could be built using gyros. --------------------------------
---------------------------------- 

"Negative Mass in General Relativity", H. Bondi, Reviews of Modern 
Physics, Vol 29, July 1957, pp 423-428

"Looking for New Gravitational Forces with Antiprotons", M.M. Nieto and 
B.E. Bonner, Proceedings RAND Workshop on Anti Proton Science and Technology, 
World Scientific, Singapore, 1988 pp 328-341 

"Negative and Imaginary Proper Masses", Y.P Terletskii, Paradoxes in 
the Theory of Relativity, Plenum, New York 1968, Chapter VI pp 83-115 

"Gravitational Coupling of Negative Matter", A. Inomata and D. Peak, 
Nuovo Cimento, Vol B63 Sep 1969 pp 132-142 

"Negative-Mass Lagging Cores of the Big Bang", B.D. Miller, Astrophysical 
Journal, Vol 208, Sep 1976 pp 275-285

"The Cosmological Term, the Shielding of Gravitation and the Negative Mass 
Hypothesis", A.A. Baranov, Izvestiya VUZ Fizika, Vol 14 Nov 1971 pp 118-120 

"Negative Masses and the Energy-Sources of the Universe", Y.P. Terletskii, 
Experimentelle Technik der Physik, Vol 29 April 1981 pp 331-332 --------------
-------------------------------------------------------------- 

ELECTROMAGNETIC-GRAVITATIONAL CONVERSION CROSS SECTIONS IN EXTERNAL 
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy). LONG, HOANG 
NGOC SOA, DANG VAN TRAN, TUAN A. SEP. 1994 11 PAGES DE95-613589 IC-94/285 
Avail: CASI HC A03/MF A01 (US Sales Only) The classical processes: the 
conversion of photons into gravitons in the static electromagnetic fields are 
considered by using Feynman perturbation techniques. The differential cross 
sections are presented for the conversion in the electric field of the flat 
condenser and the magnetic field of the solenoid. A numerical evaluation shows 
that the cross sections may have the observable value in the present technical 
scenario. CASI Accession Number: N95-30637
------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

I have an excerpt from a paper presented under the auspices of Northrop Corp. 
in 1968 that gives an idea of why you would want to bother with high voltage 
fields. To achieve the effects described involved relatively small high 
voltage. The true electrogravitational effects are significant at higher E 
field strength. In any case, this was only the state of the art in 1968. Their 
involvement in the B-2 began much later, after considerably more research. 

Electroaerodynamics In Supersonic Flow
by M. S. Cahn and G. M. Andrew, Northrop Corporation, Hawthorne, California 
Presented at AIAA 6th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, January 22-24, 1968 - Tom 
Capizzi (tcapizzi@world.std.com)
------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

ELECTRO-AERODYNAMICS: Electric charges are applied to high-speed 
vehicles for the purpose of reducing air drag or eliminating sonic booms. 
High-speed ions are projected forward from the leading edges of the craft, the 
corona glow propagates forward and repels air molecules away from the oncoming 
surfaces, thus a shock wave cannot be mechanically produced. 

Sources: Dudley, Horace C., Analog Science Fact & Fiction. "The 
Electric Field Rocket", November 1960.

Product Engineering. "Sonic Boom Experiments", Vol. 39, New York, pp. 35-6, 
March 11, 1968.

US Patent No. 3,095,167, Dudley.
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