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RS Electrogravitic References: Part 16 of 19.

AUTHOR(s):	Ljubicic, A. Zovko, N.
TITLE(s):	Lorentzian component of the fifth force.
In: Fizika B.
JAN 01 1992 v 1 n 1 Page: 1

AUTHOR(s):	Bertotti, B. Sivaram, C.
TITLE(s):	Radiation of the <> field.
In: Il Nuovo cimento della Societa italiana di fisic 
NOV 01 1991 v 106 n 11 Page: 1299

AUTHOR(s):	Fujii, Y.
TITLE(s):	The Theoretical Background of the Fifth Force.
In: International journal of modern physics. a, pa 
AUG 20 1991 v 6 n 20 Page: 3505

AUTHOR(s):	Mannheim, Philip D.
TITLE(s):	General Relativity and Fifth Force Experiments.
In: Astrophysics and space science.
JUL 01 1991 v 181 n 1 Page: 55

AUTHOR(s):	Cho, Y.M. Park, D.H.
TITLE(s):	Fifth Force from Kaluza-Klein Unification.
In: General relativity and gravitation.
JUL 01 1991 v 23 n 7 Page: 741

AUTHOR(s):	Fujii, Y.
TITLE(s):	Locally varying particle masses due to a scalar fifth-force
In: Physics letters: [Part B]
FEB 14 1991 v 255 n 3 Page: 439

AUTHOR(s):	Hagiwara, Yukio
TITLE(s):	No gravimetric evidence for the fifth force?
In: Chigaku zasshi =
1991 v 100 n 3 Page: 429

AUTHOR(s):	Cho, Y.M. Park, D.H.
TITLE(s):	Higher-dimensional unification and fifth force.
In: Il nuovo cimento delle societa italiana di fisic 
AUG 01 1990 v 105 n 8/9 Page: 817

AUTHOR(s):	Sardanashvily, G.
TITLE(s):	The Gauge Model of the Fifth Force (E,SUM).
In: Acta physica Polonica, B.
AUG 01 1990 v 21 n 8 Page: 583

AUTHOR(s):	Schimdt, H.-J.
TITLE(s):	Fifth force, dark matter, and fourth-order gravity.
In: Europhysics letters.
AUG 01 1990 v 12 n 7 Page: 667

AUTHOR(s):	de Sabbata, Venzo Sivaram, C.
TITLE(s):	Fifth Force as a Manifestation of Torsion.
In: International journal of theoretical physics. 
JAN 01 1990 v 29 n 1 Page: 1

AUTHOR(s):	Timoshenko, E.G. Sardanashvily, G.A.
TITLE(s):	Gauge model for the fifth force.
In: Moscow university physics bulletin.
1990 v 45 n 4 Page: 73

AUTHOR(s):	Hagiwara, Yukio
TITLE(s):	The fifth force-doubt about newton's gravitational law
In: Chigaku zasshi =
1990 v 99 n 3 n 904 Page: 263

AUTHOR(s):	Gasperini, M.
TITLE(s):	Phenomenological consequences of a direct fifth force
coupling to photons.
In: Physical review. D, Particles and fields. 
NOV 15 1989 v 40 n 10 Page: 3525

AUTHOR(s):	Gasperini, M.
TITLE(s):	Fifth force and the gravi-magnetic hypothesis..
In: Physics letters: [part A]
OCT 02 1989 v 140 n 6 Page: 271

AUTHOR(s):	Fayet, P.
TITLE(s):	The fifth force charge as a linear combination of baryonic,
leptonic (or B-L) and electric charges.
In: Physics letters: [Part B]
AUG 17 1989 v 227 n 1 Page: 127

AUTHOR(s):	Mufti, A. Kwong, N.H. Schaudt, K.J.
TITLE(s):	Search for the fifth force using Gauss's law.
In: Physics letters: [part A]
JUL 31 1989 v 139 n 3 / 4 Page: 115

AUTHOR(s):	Bizzeti, P.G.
TITLE(s):	Search for a Composition-Dependent Fifth Force.
Summary:	A differential accelerometer consisting of a solid sphere
floating freely inside a stratified saline solution has been used to search 
for a composition-dependent force, originated by a mountain relief. No 
evidence of such a force has been obtained.
In: Physical review letters.
JUN 19 1989 v 62 n 25 Page: 2901

AUTHOR(s):	T.M. Aliev, Dobroliubov, M.I. Ignatiev, A. Yu.
TITLE(s):	Do Kaon decays constrain the fifth force?
In: Physics letters: [Part B]
APR 20 1989 v 221 n 1 Page: 77

AUTHOR(s):	Riveros, C. Logiudice, E. A. Vucetich, H.
TITLE(s):	On differential fifth force measurements.
In: Physics letters: [part A]
APR 17 1989 v 136 n 7/8 Page: 343

AUTHOR(s):	Kuroda, K. Mio, N.
TITLE(s):	A Free Fall Interferometer to Search for a Possible Fifth
In: IEEE transactions on instrumentation and measure 
APR 01 1989 v 38 n 2 Page: 189

AUTHOR(s):	Faller, J. E. Fischbach, E. Fujii, Y.
TITLE(s):	Precision Experiments to Search for the Fifth Force.
In: IEEE transactions on instrumentation and measure 
APR 01 1989 v 38 n 2 Page: 180

AUTHOR(s):	Stubbs, C. W. Adelberger, E. G. Heckel, B. R.
TITLE(s):	Gravitation and Astrophysics: Limits on
composition-dependent interactions using a laboratory source: Is there a 
"fifth force" coupled to isospin? In: Physical review letters.
FEB 06 1989 v 62 n 6 Page: 609

TITLE(s):	Alternate source of fifth force challenged.
In: Science news.
OCT 01 1988 v 134 n 14 Page: 214

TITLE(s):	The stimulation of the fifth force.
In: Nature.
SEP 29 1988 v 335 n 6189 Page: 393

One of the first "scientific" DOGMAS fed to new physics students is the 
doctrine about "projectile motion". Students are given several formulas or 
equations from which they can precisely calculate how high and far a 
projectile will travel given its initial speed and angle from the ground. But 
the results are NOT so absolute as students are led to believe, even if they 
take into account air resistance and Coriolis effects.
Recent experiments have shown that if the projectile is SPINNING at HIGH 
SPEED, (at least 27,000 RPM), [axis of spin coinciding with line of 
projection], the projectile will travel HIGHER and FARTHER than predicted by 
Newtonian mechanics! Similarly, experiments with falling gyroscopes have shown 
that a gyroscope whose enclosed rotor is spinning at high speed (about 27,000 
RPM) falls AT A DIFFERENT RATE than when the same gyroscope falls with rotor 
NOT spinning. The AMOUNT of DEVIATION might depend on the MATERIAL COMPOSITION 
of the projectile or rotor, as suggested in the text of U.S. Patent 
#3,626,605, "Method and Apparatus for Generating a Secondary Gravitational 
Force Field", by Henry W. Wallace, Dec. 14, 1971.
HYPED "General Theory of Relativity" which states that gravity results from a 
"warping or distorion of space" caused by the MERE PRESENCE of mass. - Robert 

The late Henry W Wallace died april 1994. Fellow researchers at GE were not 
"happy" with his research regarding gravitational fields. An interesting 
article was written in The New Scientist circa 1980 about Wallace's work.
-- Ron Kita

Henry Wallace was an engineer at General Electric about 25 years ago, and 
developed some incredible inventions relating to the underlying physics of the 
gravitational field. Few people have heard of him or his work.

US Patent #3626605 -- "Method and Apparauts for Generating a Secondary 
Gravitational Force Field"
Awarded to Henry Wm Wallace of Ardmore PA Dec 14, 1971 

US Patent #3626606 -- "Method and Apparatus for Generating a Dynamic Force 
Awarded to Henry Wm Wallace of Ardmore PA Dec 14, 1971 

US Patent #3823570 -- "Heat Pump" (based on technology similar to the above 
two inventions)
Awarded to Henry Wm Wallace of Freeport NY July 16, 1973 

Wallace discovered that a force field, similar or related to the gravitational 
field, results from the interaction of relatively moving masses. He built 
machines which demonstrated that this field could be generated by spinning 
masses of elemental material having an odd number of nucleotides -- i.e. a 
nucleus having a multiple half-integral value of h-bar, the quantum of angular 
momentum. Wallace used bismuth or copper material for his rotating bodies and 
"kinnemassic" field concentrators. Aside from the immense benefits to humanity 
which could result from a better understanding of the physical nature of 
gravity, and other fundamental forces, Wallace's inventions could have 
enormous practical value in countering gravity or converting gravitational 
force fields into energy for doing useful work. So, why has no one heard of 
him? One might think that the discoverer of important knowledge such as this 
would be heralded as a great scientist and nominated for dynamite prizes. 
Could it be that his invention does not work? Anyone can get the patents. 
Study them -- Wallace -- General Electric -- detailed descriptions of 
operations -- measurements of effects -- drawings and models -- it is 
authentic. If you're handy you can even build it yourself. It does work. 

So what is going on?
One explanation I've heard is that Wallace ran up against the politics of 
science, as dictated in the late 1960's by the power-block at Princeton, who 
were primarily interested in promoting the ideas of their main man, Einstein, 
and the gravitation-is-geometry paradigm. Maybe there is some truth to this 
story. Nowadays, there seems to be a piss-pot full of theoretical physicists 
working on abstract geometrical theories and other absurdly difficult mental 
masturbations, while no one seems to have made any effort to provide a 
theoretical explanation of the physics of a nuts-and-bolts invention which 
could have enormous practical value. Maybe we can blame it on the Princeton 
folks, but I'm more inclined to believe that our defense industry black 
project community has confiscated and suppressed knowledge of Wallace's 
discoveries. All done of course under the most honorable and sacred banner of 
national security. Well, it's been 25 years. We ought to be real secure by 
now. Isn't it way past time for some trickle down benefits to real people? ---

There are two paragraphs about the Wallace inventions in the Electric 
Propulsion Study by Dr Dennis Cravens, prepared in 1991. Cravens had this to 
say about Wallace's work: 

ROTATIONAL ALIGNMENT - Nuclei can also be aligned by rotation. Henry Wallace 
claimed some unusual effects assigned to electomagnetic and gravitational 
couplings. This was in three US patents (3823570, 3626605, and 362606). The 
assertion was that the application of a rotational force on a material of 
half-integral spin would result in a reorientation of the nuclear structure 
and could be utilized for "altering its gravitational attraction toward other 
bodies, separation of isotopes by distinguishing between nuclei according to 
their nucleon content..." The patents are written in a very believable style 
which includes part numbers, sources for some components, and diagrams of 

Attempts were made to contact Wallace using patent addresses and other sources 
but he was not located nor is there a trace of what became of his work. 
However, should the work be real it may furnish a novel experimental approach 
to experimental design. The concept can be somewhat justified on general 
relativistic grounds since rotating frames of time varying fields are expected 
to emit gravitational radiation. Even if the work does not give a direct 
gravitational coupling it may furnish a new method for nuclear spin alignment.

An article about the Wallace patents appeared in the British magazine "New 
Scientist" in February 1980. This was written nearly ten years after Wallace 
was awarded his patents. Here's a paragraph from the article.

"Although the Wallace patents were initially ignored as 
cranky, observers believe that his invention is now under serious but secret 
investigation by the military authorities in the US. The military may now 
regret that the patents have already been granted and so are available for 
anyone to read."

I know -- it's a tease. And the rest of the article is the same way. It 
provides barely enough information to jab your psyche a little, and not nearly 
enough to get you off your comfortable ass. And who knows who the anonymous 
party of "observers" are, who believe that a secret investigation is underway 
by the military -- or whether these observers even exist at all. None the 
less, the New Scientist has a fairly well established track record for 
accurate identification of new science trends and issues. And, while the 
editors of this British journal may be prone to enjoyment of gossip and 
innuendo, it generally turns out be grounded in truth. -----------------------

Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences
4 Ul. Kosygina, 117334 Moscow, Russian Federation, Fax: +7(095)938-2156 
A property of spin selective reactions to sort the nuclei according to their 
spin and orientation, is discussed. The separation of spin (magnetic) and 
spinless (nonmagnetic) nuclei forms the basis for the magnetic isotope effect, 
the separation of nuclei according to their orientation and creation of 
nuclear alignment in reaction products is a basis for the chemically induced 
nuclear polarisation phenomenon. Bibliography - 50 references.
Received 14 February 1995

Date: Tue, 30 Jan 1996 17:18:34 +0200
Collective T- and P- Odd Electromagnetic Moments in Nuclei with Octupole 
Author(s): N. Auerbach , V.V. Flambaum , V. Spevak 
Parity and time invariance violating forces produce collective P- and T- odd 
moments in nuclei with static octupole deformation. Collective Schiff moment, 
electric octupole and dipole and also magnetic quadrupole appear due to the 
mixing of rotational levels of opposite parity and can exceed single-particle 
moments by more than a factor of 100. This enhancement is due to two factors, 
the collective nature of the intrinsic moments and the small energy separation 
between members of parity doublets. The above moments induce T- and P- odd 
effects in atoms and molecules. Experiments with such systems may improve 
substantially the limits on time reversal violation.

The Hughes-Drever experiment was conducted in 1959-1960 independently by 
Vernon Hughes and collaborators at Yale University, and by Ron Drever at 
Glasgow University. In the Glasgow version, the experiment examined the ground 
state of the lithium-7 nucleus in an external magnetic field. The state has 
total angular momentum quantum number 3/2, and thus is spolit into four 
equally spaced levels by the magnetic field. When the nucleus undergoes a 
transition between a pair of adjacent levels, the photon emitted has the same 
energy or frequency, no matter which pair of levels was involved. The result 
is a single narrow spectral line. Any external perturbation of the nucleus 
that is associated with a preferred direction in space, such as the motion of 
the Earth relative to the mean rest frame of the universe, will destroy the 
equality of the energy spacing between the four levels, since the nuclear wave 
functions of the four levels have different spacial dependencies relative to 
the magnetic field. Using nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, the 
experiments set a limit on the separation or spread in frequency of line that 
corresponded to a limit on anistropy or bidirectional dependence in the energy 
of the nucleu at the level of one part in 10^23. -- Clifford Will, Chapt 2 of 
The New Physics, edited by Paul Davies ---------------------------------------

Magnetic resonance in its various forms, NMR, EPR, and EFR, are all applied to 
relatively small specimens and, with the exception of EFR, are rarely applied 
to magnetic materials. EFR means Electron Ferromagnetic Resonance, and the 
best intro to this subject is by Vonsovskii. Curiously, there is no published 
data on EFR for large ferromagnetic specimens. A literature search at a campus 
of the University of California revealed nothing. F. Herlach has said that 
there is an 'open' literature and a 'closed' literature concerning magnetic 
-- Larry Adams

A body which is spinning within a larger macroscopic body which is also 
spinning will tend to align the axis of its angular momentum with the angular 
momentum of the larger body. 

For example, a gyroscope located on the earth, unless it is in a frictionless 
gimbal, with always try to precess due to the rotation of the earth into 
alignment with the earth's polar axis, at which point it will no longer 
precess due to earth rotation.
Another example, a cylinder of magnetic material spinning around its 
longitudinal axis will develop a magnetic field proportional to is angular 
velocity (Barnett Effect), because the angular momemtum of the electrons in 
the material will attempt to precess and come into alignment with the 
macroscopic axis of the spinning cylinder, which also brings into alignment 
the magnetic moment of the electrons, some of which have unpaired spins 
(ferromagnetic), resulting in generation of a macroscopic magnetic field. 
Similarly, it is know that a static magnetic field itself contains angular 
momentum -- and spinning the source of the static field, whether a magnet or 
DC current loop, will result in a corresponding increase or decrease in the 
field strength. 

Another example is the inventions of Henry Wallace. Wallace found that if you 
spin a material which has an odd number of nucleotides, i.e. having an "un-
paired" value of angular momentum, resulting in a nucleus with a multiple 
integer of a one-half value of quantum momentum. The spin in the nucleus will 
begin to line up with the macroscopic spin axis, and will create an unusual 
force field related to gravity -- which he call a "kinemassic" field.

Maybe I've missed it, but I've looked seriously, and there seems to be no 
information in undergraduate or graduate level physics reference books which 
mentions the relationship between macroscopic and microscopic angular momentum 
-- much less provides any analysis or explanation linking quantum angular 
momentum to macroscopic angular momentum. Why not? How does quantum angular 
momentum become organized from a microscopic to a macroscopic level? Has 
anyone ever published any work about this? I can't find any.
Date: Sun, 5 Nov 1995
From: James Youlton 
To: Robert Stirniman 
Re: Angular Momentum and the Barnett Effect 

On Wed, 1 Nov 1995, Robert Stirniman wrote: 
>Maybe I've missed it, but I've looked seriously, and there seems to be no 
information in undergraduate or graduate level physics reference books which 
mentions the relationship between macroscopic and microscopic angular momentum 
-- much less provides any analysis or explanation linking quantum angular 
momentum to macroscopic angular momentum. 

You're catching on. The subject of compound angular momentum, or internal and 
external angular momentum, or intrinsic and extrinsic angular momentum has 
been a repressed subject for about 2 and half decades. Add to that list, 
spherical pendulums, Coriolis effect, except as applied to balistics and 
meteorology as used by the US military, and Shafer's pendulum, that neat 
little device used as the artifical horizon of aircraft.

>How does quantum angular momentum become organized from a microscopic to a 
macroscopic level? Has anyone ever published any work about this? I can't find 

There isn't any that I know of, though back in the late fifties, there was a 
fellow named Edward Condon at the University of Colorado who was fairly 
proficient on the subject. So much so that he wrote the rotational dynamics 
section, called noninertial dynamics at the time, of the reference "The 
Handbook of Physics" which he also co-edited (Chapter 5). I don't recall 
offhand who the publisher was (Harcourt/Brace?), though it was endorsed by the 
American Institute of Physics. Later, when Mr Condon was the head of the USAF 
project 'Blue Book', he labored to supress his own work when the directive was 
handed down from the Navy's Turtle Island project.
-- James Youlton

Condon directed a government UFO project, but was never the head of Blue Book. 
That position was held, for most or perhaps all of Blue Book's life, by an Air 
Force Officer Named Edward Ruppelt. Blue Book was shut down in 1969, shortly 
after the report of the project Condon directed, "Scientific Study of 
Unidentified Flying Objects". -- Jim Giglio
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