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Date: Thu, 2 May 1996 09:18:56 -0700 (PDT)
From: (Evan Soule)
Subject: TACHYON (Gyroscopic Particle?) GRAVITY FIELDS
Status: U

From: (Ralph Hartwell)
Organization: The Energy Machine Information System 504-733-8380

Note: The views expressed herein may or may not represent the position of Joseph Newman and, as informational material, are provided here from submissions by other individuals interested in the technology


Copyright 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1996 by

Ralph M. Hartwell II
715 Jefferson Heights Avenue
Jefferson, Louisiana, USA, 70121-1110


Rotating magnet Newman Motors exhibit a variation in the power output which seems related to the physical position of the magnet when compared to the earth's surface. Various tests are tried to determine the reason for this behavior. It may be connected to the interaction of the motor and the tachyon field described in the Shielding Theory of Gravity. Other machines which release energy in excess of 100 percent of the input energy may also utilize tachyon power in the manner described in this paper.


Testing various Newman Motors which have a permanent magnet rotor revolving about a horizontal axis has revealed that there is a periodic variation in the power output of the motor during the rotational cycle of the magnet. This variation has been noted in several of Mr. Newman's units, especially in the 9000 Lb. unit. Other experimenters have also reported the same effect in the Newman Motors that they have constructed.

The variation in output power was first noticed during low speed operation of the 9000 Lb. (4100 Kg.) motor which was running at about 30 revolutions per minute. The variation is less pronounced at higher operating speeds, although it is is still observable. At higher speeds the effect appears to be swamped to some extent by the greater power available at higher operating speeds.

This anomaly was first noticed when it was observed that the lamps which were connected to the motor appeared to light more brightly when the North seeking pole of the rotating magnet was moving from an upright vertical position towards a horizontal position. At the same time, the sparking at the commutator of the motor increased greatly. When the position of the rotating magnet is reversed by 180 degrees, the effects of this variation are reversed, the lamps light more dimly, and the commutator sparking decreases.


At first, these observations were dismissed as being caused by excessive mechanical tolerences in the construction of the motor; however, when this same effect reappeared in other Newman Motors, it could not be ignored. Attempts were made to insure that the construction and mechanical balance of the motor was correct. Next, the effect of variations in the commutator was investigated. Several different commutators were constructed and tested. In addition, the commutator was physically rotated by 180 degrees to see if errors in the commutator would affect the results. Following this, the voltage to the motor was reversed as well. All these tests showed that the observed output variation remained fairly constant regardless of the adjustments made to the motor.

The motor was initially placed so that the magnet was rotating in a plane parallel to the earth's magnetic field, that is, in a North - South direction. Because of this placement, it was suspected that there might be a some interaction between the earth's magnetic field and the magnetic field from the rotating magnet in the motor.

In order to test this hypothesis, tests were performed on a smaller version of the Newman motor, since the 9000 Lb. (4100 Kg.) machine could not easily be moved. The motor was rotated around the vertical axis by 90 degrees so that the magnet was now rotating in a plane perpendicular to the earth's magnetic field, that is, in an East - West direction. Changing the plane of rotation did not result in any obvious effect on the observed variation. The motor was then further rotated about the vertical axis by an additional 90 degrees, so that the motor was now turned a full 180 degrees from its starting position. This additional rotation also had no effect on the variation in output.

Since the tests indicated that the greatest output from the motor occurs when the North seeking pole of the rotating magnet is pointing in a direction away from the surface of the earth at the time of maximum output, we must look for a possible explanation which allows for this positioning.


In the Shielding Theory, energetic particles are assumed to fill the space in the universe which traditional theory considers to be empty. In Joseph Newman's theory, these particles are the fundamental building blocks of all matter, and may be released from that matter as useful energy under the right conditions.

Mr. Newman believes that these gyroscopic particles (his terminology) which make up magnetic fields, are spinning at the speed of light and are also traveling at the speed of light. These particles have the behavioral properties of gears, which will either mesh smoothly if they are rotating in opposite directions, or will clash violently and bounce away from each other if they are spinning in the same direction.

Mr. Newman considers that these particles make up the atoms of the wires of the coil in his motor. These gyroscopic particles are spinning in random directions. When a pulse of voltage is applied to the coil, some of the particles are forced to align their spin axis with respect to the voltage flow. If the voltage is shut off before it can travel to the other end of the coil, the current will be trapped in the coil. As the aligned particles attempt to return to their original positions, the interaction of the trapped voltage and the spinning particles results in some of the particles being deflected at right angles to the wire and emitted as electromagnetic energy. The deflected particles leave the wire permanently, and are lost from the atoms of the wire.

If these gyroscopic particles behave in this manner, then over some extended period of time, the mass of the copper contained in the coils of an operating Newman Motor will decrease. However, at any reasonable power level, it would probably take many years for a measurable mass loss to occur.

A speculative question here - how would the mass loss manifest itself? Would there be a decrease in the total number of atoms in the coil (which might result in a "spongy" form of wire as individual atoms disappear at random) or would each atom simply become lighter in weight?

Would the release of these particles in a Newman Motor be detectable through ordinary means? There would likely be no radiation by-products in the presently understood sense, as Mr. Newman considers the reaction which releases the energy to be sub-nuclear in operation, which should not release any radioactivity.

There are those who say that for the motor to operate as Mr. Newman says it does, it must emit some radiation. Mr. Newman states that the motor actually does release radiation, but it is in the form of electromagnetic energy.


Now let us consider the possibility that at least some of the energy released by the Newman Motor originates outside the motor, that is, from "empty space." The Newman Motor as well as other devices which operate with the use of moving magnets may release energy from tachyons in the following manner:

Tachyon particles are spread throughout the universe are in constant random motion, moving in different directions (and possibly at different velocities), and possessing different directions of spin, which we may consider to be either left or right handed. Regardless of the direction of their travel, the net spin at any point in space may be solved mathmatically to show that there is only left or right hand spin at that point.

As these particles travel through the body of the earth, they lose some of their energy, resulting in geothermal heating of the earth. The energy loss is selective, so that the right handed spin particles may lose more energy than the left handed spin particles. (The spin direction assumed here is only for purposes of discussion.) The selective absorption of the energy is caused by the interaction of the tachyons and the atoms making up the mass of the earth. The amount of loss of energy by the tachyons depends on the direction of spin each particle possesses. The passage through the earth results in what may be considered to be a sort of "polarization" of the tachyons as they emerge from their passage through the earth.

If this "polarization" is real, then it follows that the net tachyon field in the universe should have a bias in the same direction since many of the tachyons will have passed through solid matter sometime during the course of their travel. This "polarization" effect occurs in one direction for normal matter, and in the reverse direction for anti-matter. The averaging of the field as the tachyons travel throughout the universe would result in a neutral field at any point in space - except near a massive object, such as the earth.

Now let me propose another idea. Magnetic fields do not actually exist, but instead are only an effect we observe when the tachyon field is distorted by atoms having a specific type of distortion.

An object, whether it is a piece of steel or a copper wire, may have its atoms distorted so as to cause a deflection (rather than an absorption) of the tachyons passing through its mass. Copper and other materials which we normally consider to be non- magnetic in nature have their atoms distorted when voltage is applied to them. Materials such as steel and iron may have a permanent distortion induced in their atoms if they are placed in a sufficiently powerful distorted tachyon field. These materials will have a permanent distortion of their atoms induced in them. They will then be able to cause their own tachyon field deflection if the initial field is removed. We call these things permanent magnets.

The sense or polarity of the secondary field will be the opposite of the initial field. This causes what we observe as an attraction between the two masses creating the fields. The distorted tachyon field is always trying to reduce itself to the smallest possible size, just as an inflated balloon tries to squeeze into the smallest possible volume. If two of these distorted fields interact and align themselves so that the distortions have the opposite polarities, ("North" to "South") then they will try to combine and neutralize each other so reduce the distorted field to the minimum volume. We see this effect as a strong magnetic attraction between the two objects.

Note that if the energy of the tachyon field is absorbed, heat would be released; if the field is deflected, we observe the result as an apparent magnetic field.) When this deflection of the tachyon field occurs, the result is an unevenly distributed force acting on certain types of nearby objects which are within the distorted field. Only some kinds of atoms are affected, namely those which may easily be distorted by the deflected tachyon field, such as iron, steel, and so forth.


As the tachyons emerge from the earth, they are in a "polarized" state caused by their passage through the earth. They then encounter the deflected tachyons which make up the magnetic field surrounding the rotating magnet combined with the field generated by the coil in the motor. Since these emerging tachyons are spinning, they will interact with the tachyons in the motor's magnetic field in a manner similar to spinning gears (as stated in Mr. Newman's theory). Some of these tachyons from outside the motor will be deflected into the magnetic field and thereby be available to do useful work in the motor. The more strongly the motor is able to interact with these external polarized tachyons, the more energy will be released. Mr. Newman uses rapid, sharp pulses of voltage to drive his motors. He feels these pulses create the optimum conditions for the release of the gyroscopic energy (tachyon energy?) in his motors.


When the spin of the outside tachyons are opposite to the spin direction of the particles from the motor, they will mesh smoothly, and their energies will add, resulting in an increased power output from the motor. When the magnet in the motor reverses its direction relative to the earth, the particles will be spinning in the same direction, and they bounce away from each other, resulting in a decrease in the energy produced.


Several tests may be performed to verify or disprove the hypothesis stated in this paper.

It should be possible to operate a Newman Motor so that the axis of rotation of the magnet is in a vertical direction. That position should result in no variation in the machine's output since the direction of the tachyons emerging from the earth would be at right angles to the magnetic field from the machine.

As an alternative, it may be possible to fly an experiment in space. A Newman Motor should be operated sufficiently distant from the earth that the shielding effect of the earth is reduced to a very small value. At this location, the output from the motor should be constant if the hypothesis is correct.


This paper is not meant to discredit Mr. Newman's theories, but simply to search for the truth. Energy production by his motor may be by the process he describes, or a combination of methods. A better understanding of the processes at work will be needed to fully exploit his motor or, for that matter, any of the various devices which appear to release energy from tachyon fields.


1) "The Energy Machine of Joseph Newman", Joseph Wesley
Newman, Evan Soule' Jr., ed., Newman Publishing Co., Route 1, Box 52, Lucedale, Mississippi, 39452. (1984-1995)

2) "Theory of Energy Shielding As a Cause of Gravitational
Effects", Hans Nieper, M.D., Boden-Mensch. No. 14
(1972) German, translated to English.

3) "Annex to the shielding Theory of Gravity - Perisolar
Gravity Field of a Different Kind (Perisolar Gravity Cushion Theory)", Hans A. Nieper, M.D.

Copyright 1987-1996, Ralph M. Hartwell, II

Evan Soule
(504) 524-3063

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