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By Hal Fox

From: NEN, Vol. 6, No. 10, July 1999, p. 6.
New Energy News (NEN) copyright 1999 by Fusion Information Center, Inc.
COPYING NOT ALLOWED without written permission.

Hal Fox

Just to remind those scientists/engineers/ inventors/philosophers who struggle with the complexity of Nature, William of Ockham (c1285-c1349) stated the following: "non sunt multiplicanda entia praeter necessitatem" [translated to: "entities are not to be multiplied beyond necessity."] This statement has been called the Law of Economy or the Law of Parsimony.

Others than Ockham, both before him and since, have stated the same concept. Ockham repeated it so often, the statement has become known as "Ockham's razor." In more modern times, Ernst Mach (1838-1916) proclaimed that it is the aim of science to present Nature's facts in the simplest fashion consistent with observations. Ockham's Razor, and Mach's urgings are being applied to more fully (and with greater simplicity) explain the rapidly growing experimental discoveries. For example, Einstein derives E = mc2 from two fundamental postulates (hypotheses). Harold Aspden and Hal Puthoff are more parsimonious and derive E = mc**2 from simple assumptions. Perhaps the most prolific contrivance of man's attempts to explain scientific observations is the concept of the Big Bang. This stated and restated; contrived and reformed; proclaimed, found flawed, repaired, and re-proclaimed explanation for the red shift and the background microwave radiation is strongly in need of the application of Ockham's Razor. See how simple this cut can be:

The red shift is caused by light losing energy due to interactions with charged particles in space. The energy lost is the energy found in the background microwave radiation.

How simple! How beautifully it fits the Law of Parsimony!

How neglected by cosmologists who are mired in the complexities of the Big Bang.

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Aug. 25, 1999.