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By David Moon and Chuck Bennett

From: NEN, Vol. 5, No. 2, June 1997, Special Edition, p. 4.
New Energy News (NEN) copyright 1997 by Fusion Information Center, Inc.
COPYING NOT ALLOWED without written permission.

Theoretical models that have been developed to explain the new phenomena of cold fusion and sonoluminescence are generally more immediately useful if they lend themselves to experimental testing in the laboratory. Successful tests then would have a much better chance of leading directly to a marketable invention in the commercial areas of energy production or element transmutation.

Two such models by the authors [1,2] are merging into a picture of the active site (in some cold fusion experiments and in sonoluminescence) in which "strings or chains of protons" form inside energized bubbles as a swirling plasma vortex. The nuclear fusions and transmutations releasing both thermal energy into the lattice and electromagnetic radiations (some of which are reabsorbed by the lattice and surrounding water) can occur.

One of us (Bennett) has proposed that a dynamic swirling plasma vortex tends to contract in on itself as light is emitted outward [3]. Thus, it is implied that a vorticular string of protons, which happens to wrap around a tiny spherical metal grain, might hug the sphere even tighter as the mass-energy is released. It is noted that the strings of plasma protons were estimated to oscillate at a microwave frequency [2].

A conceptual design for a hydrogen gas-phase cold fusion device follows from the authors' combined theoretical model. The device would employ powdered or fine granular metal (Ni, Fe, Pd, Ti, W) inside a metal cylinder or chamber which is fitted at either end with electrodes connected to a voltage oscillator adjusted to a microwave frequency. The cylinder is wrapped in perpendicular solenoid coils (generating magnetic fields Bx and By) to create a "magnetic cage" effect. Delivery tubes for the H2 gas are attached to the cylinder containing the powdered metal.

In principle, the magnetic cage will trap the proton chains on each tiny piece of metal, motivating an oscillating circular vortex motion at a to-be-determined resonant microwave frequency, thus generating an evolution of mass-energy conversion (see figure). [Proton Chain circulating metal grain (C.C.), in a box, By (y-axis), Bx (x-axis)] The entire apparatus will be surrounded by a chamber filled with a heat-conducting fluid to carry away the excess heat. Ideally, reactions will cease upon termination of the magnetic fields or oscillating microwave voltage.

In testing this device, we urge that safety precautions be taken (e.g. small scale) until cell response can be determined.


1. C. Bennett, "Tiny Bubbles," Infinite Energy, vol 2, no 7, March-April 1996, p 7.

2. D. Moon, "Gentlemen, Start Your Bubbles," Infinite Energy, vol 2, no 11, Nov.-Dec. 1996, pp 76-78.

3. C. Bennett, "Gravity as Piezo-Electromagnetism," preprint, May 1997, to be published.

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May 25, 1997.