INE Symposium 1998 Papers and Abstracts
From the 1998 INE Symposium
INSTITUTE FOR NEW ENERGY - 1998 SYMPOSIUM
PAPER TITLES, AUTHORS, AND ABSTRACTS
Held on August 14-15, 1998
In Salt Lake City, Utah
Note: All of these papers will be published in full in the next issue of the Journal of New Energy, and should be available in the Fall of 1998.
EM CORRECTIONS ENABLING A PRACTICAL UNIFIED FIELD THEORY WITH EMPHASIS ON TIME-CHARGING INTERACTIONS OF LONGITUDINAL EM WAVES
This is a short digest of the author's paper, "Toward a Practical Unified Field Theory and a Deep Experimental Example," Proceedings of the INE Symposium, University of Utah, Aug. 14-15, 1998 (in publication), to be presented at the INE symposium in Utah in mid-August 1998. Additional material to clarify the time-charging interaction of longitudinal EM waves (Lws), as time-density waves, transduction of LWPs or fractions of them to transverse EM waves (TWs), mechanisms of LWP interaction detection, and vagaries of LW quasi-detectors has been included. In addition, important experimental evidence has been added.
PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ELECTRON DIFFRACTION SPECTROSCOPY OF CARBON-CARBON ARC EXPERIMENTS
TOBY GROTZ, DON RAPP
Recent experiments have failed to verify transmutation of carbon (C) to iron (Fe) in carbon arc discharges using carbon rods and carbon powder. Because microgram quantities were reported by J. Sundaresan and J.O'M. Bockris during arcing over a much longer time (24 Hrs) than used in our experiments (10 mins.) we decided to pursue examination of the results of are discharging in air using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron diffraction spectroscopy (EDS).
REQUIREMENTS FOR BRINGING A NEW-ENERGY GENERATOR TO MARKET
DR. GARY L. JOHNSON
What is required to bring a generator that extracts power from the aether or vacuum to commercial production? This paper explores several aspects of this question, including generator sizes, development timetables, ownership, funding sources, patents, rewards to inventors, and possible research activities. It is recommended that work proceed on both a home sized unit (2-50 kW) and a substation sized unit (100-10,000 kW). Based on a comparison with wind turbines, it is projected that it will take at least 20 years and half a billion dollars before break-even is reached. Several reasons are given that suggest the original inventor will not be the long term owner of the invention. A system of rewards to the inventor and associates is proposed. It is recommended that several laboratories be established or identified across the country where lone inventors can go and test their devices.
EXCITATION AND EXTRACTION OF VACUUM ENERGY VIA EM - TORSION FIELD COUPLING - THEORETICAL MODEL
A historical survey of torsion field research is given. One particular theory is singled out and described that offers promise for direct coupling to the vacuum via electromagnetic means, for the extraction of vacuum energy. Experimental protocols are suggested in the context of this theoretical model in order to achieve this goal.
TRITIATED AMORPHOUS SILICON POWER CELLS
PAUL M. BROWN, PH.D.
The application of tritiated amorphous silicon as an intrinsic energy conversion semiconductor for betavoltaic devices is presented. Analysis of the betavoltaic application shows an overall efficiency of 25% for tritiated amorphous silicon. A betavoltaic battery is a nuclear battery that converts energy from beta particles released by a beta emitting radioactive source, such as tritium, into electrical power. Common semiconductor designs of betavoltaic batteries use a semiconductor p-n junction device that is either directly exposed to beta decay or is illuminated by photons created when betas strike a phosphor. These common betavoltaic batteries suffer from technical problems in that the directly irradiated cells suffer material degradation of the p-n junction limiting the operating life to days while the photo conversion systems are indirect and limited by efficiency to less than 1%. A limitation of the aforementioned betavoltaic batteries is the self-absorption of beta energy in the radioactive source itself. In order to reduce the self-absorption of beta energy the radioactive isotope must be incorporated into the lattice of a semiconductor. Details of this process are reported.
LOW-ENERGY NUCLEAR REACTIONS AND HIGH-DENSITY CHARGE CLUSTERS
BY HAL FOX AND SHANG XIAN JIN
High-density charge clusters, typically 1 to 20 micron with electron densities of 6.6 x 1029 electrons per cubic meter, plus attached positive ions (about one positive ion for one million electrons), can be produced in low-pressure gases, at atmospheric pressure, and (using special electrodes) in aqueous solutions. Experiments have been conducted using radioactive thorium nitrate as an electrolyte in a small reactor operating with less than 500 volts and at temperatures up to 500¿ F and pressures up to 50 atmospheres. The preliminary experimental results are that high-density charge clusters can be used to produce nuclear reactions in a relatively low-energy environment.
THE NEED FOR ACCURATE REPORTING AND ARCHIVAL OF DATA FOR ADVANCED ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICES: THE INE DATA BASE [Revised Version Avaible]
PATRICK G. BAILEY, TOBY GROTZ, JAMES J. HURTAK
A methodology is presented to collect, document, and summarize the finding of the various experiments, motors, generators, devices, and demonstrations in the innovative energy conversion areas that have been reported in the past several years to produce very high-efficiency or so-called over-unity operation. The concepts of free and over-unity devices are not new, and many examples of such devices have been built utilizing various forms of potential energy within the last 100 years, such as hydro-electric dams and nuclear reactors. As many such devices and experiments are currently being reported, it is important and necessary to collect the data available on each, cross-check the data with other researchers, and maintain an accurate and truthful accounting of the status of each device and experiment. The INE Database has become an internationally recognized summary of such data. This paper presents the description of this database, its location on the publicly available Internet, and provides instruction on how to add new devices and experiments to this database, and also how to modify and update the existing data. Selection criteria based upon technical interest, and also on commercialization interest, allow these data to be easily ranked for comparison and reference.
OVERVIEW OF NEW ENERGY PARADIGMS, CHARGE CLUSTERS AND TORSION FIELDS
MORAY B. KING
The successful replication of the excess energy production from the class of experiments known as "cold fusion" has manifested various new scientific paradigm "camps" just as Kuhn typifies in "The Nature of Scientific Revolution." Regardless of the theoretical model proposed, each camp is left with a further anomaly to explain, and often must ignore experimental evidence that would fail to support its view. For example, the theorists who consider only deuteron fusion must explain how to overcome the coulomb barrier but would reject the excess heat in the light water experiments. Mills' hydrino theory (where the hydrogen atom's electron orbit collapses below its ground state) would predict excess heat in light water experiments, but it ignores the occurrence of lattice metal element transmutation. The theorists who propose trapped mobile lattice neutrons can account for element transmutation (for there is no coulomb barrier issue), but then they must explain the existence of free lattice neutrons and why they remain generally unobserved by the solid state community. However, could their theory also explain surface transmutation events caused by a single electrical spark? The charge cluster model could explain the energetic anomalies observed, but the model must explain how an (absurdly) huge charge density could be stable as well as how a net excess energy gets captured from the vacuum's zero-point energy. The new energy paradigm camps are basically of two categories: those that utilize an energetic vacuum (zero-point energy or some type of ether model), and those that do not.
A NEW APPROACH TO A UNIFIED FIELD THEORY
A new method for deriving a Unified Theory of primary fields is proposed as a means of accommodating numerous phenomenological anomalies not provided for in the current model of quantum mechanics. The thesis is that the current model, which relies on four primary fields (strong and weak atomic forces, electromagnetic forces and gravitational forces) is incomplete and should be expanded to include a fifth field described as the Trosion Field. It is demonstrated that the functional dynamics of all five fields can be describes in terms of spin polarity and angular momentum. This suggests that all five primary fields are effects which arise from a universal, holographic casual plane described as the Physical Vacuum. The alternative model is shown to accommodate the phenomenological anomalies not provided for in the current model of quantum mechanics. A brief survey of current state-of-the-art torsion field devices and applications is also provided.
A SEA OF NEUTRINOS AS THE LUMINIFEROUS MEDIUM
The discovery of the neutrino with mass has provided a quantized agent enabling the resurrection of a luminiferous medium previously dispelled at the turn of the century by Albert Einstein as "superfluous." The neutrino medium replaces the abstract "mathematical medium of curvature" of general relativity with a real particle that has defined curvature in terms of a true helical spiral. The massive neutrino comprises photons, light wave, electrons, protons, and all other larger particles now known to exist. An approach to modeling light waves and photons is presented utilizing the helical spiral pattern of the neutrino with mass. The mass energy equivalence as well as Planck's law is derived from the model. In addition, the model can be extended to provide a premise for inertia and gravitation as well as a theory for matter production cycles within planets and stars.
MAX PLANK AND HIS CONSTANT POINTED TO THE EXISTENCE OF THE AETHER
EDWIN L. PANGMAN
The Aether model in which Plancks constant is used to represent the full energy area of a photon's single wavelength is used to yield a model description of energy per cubic volume that make up the space time continuum. Plancks constant is discussed to indicate that each unit of space in the volume between orbit shells contributes to the photon wave structure. these concepts merge into a model of electric induction that utilized space time as a dynamic physical force/ Direction is given and ideas presented as to what to expect with the technological understanding (when we achieve it) of the real and physical characteristics of space time or aether.
CHANNELING EFFECTS AND NUCLEAR REACTIONS IN ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS
XING-LIU JIANG AND ALEXANDER A. BEREZIN
Growing body of evidence suggests that the so called cold fusion effect (low energy nuclear transmutations --LENT) has a number of physical similarities with other effects, such as pitting corrosion, pinch plasma discharge, channeling and energy focusing, and few other effects. Experimental data show that the products of nuclear reaction appear strong anisotropic behavior, high directional charged particle beams have been observed by CR-39 solid detectors, photofilms and other detectors. Likewise, channeling for crystalline materials is effective for energetic particles entering the crystal or particles originating within the solid which are approaching the surface. An enhancement of several orders of magnitude in total apparent cross section of nuclear reactions due to the effects of focusing, collimation and others can be expected. These effects exhibit features of transient processes.
SOLVING THE NUCLEAR WASTE PROBLEM THROUGH APPLIED PHYSICS
PAUL M. BROWN, PH.D.
Nuclear Solutions LLC has developed a process for neutralizing radioactive waste products whereby gamma radiation (x-rays) is used to induce nuclear transformations that change the normal half-life of radioisotopes, usually measured in thousands of years to a half-life measured in days, simply by using applied nuclear physics. This means that the radioactive waste products decay into non-radioactive stable elements in a matter of days. Patents are now pending.
THE SUPERLUMINAL VELOCITY OF GRAVITY WAVES
HAL FOX AND BILL RAMSAY
Manufacturers of equipment to measure gravity, average the short-term fluctuations to obtain an acceptable result. Ramsay's study of these short-term fluctuations, or gravity waves, is accomplished by instrumentation based on a suggestion by Michael Faraday and instrumented extensively by Gregory Hodowanec. The experimental evidence is that gravity waves are affected by the sun's position; by other celestial bodies; and possibly by artificial means. Experimental evidence suggests that the speed of gravity waves are many times the speed of light. Several Russian groups have reported on experiments with torsion fields and claim that the speed of torsion fields is several orders of magnitude faster than the speed of light. These claims are explored in the paper. A demonstration of gravity wave detection equipment will be provided as a part of the presentation. The impact of this experimental discovery on the special theory of relativity will be presented.
Various anomalies (laboratory observations not consistent with current scientific models) have been reported in the literature reporting on developments in the search for new-energy sources. The purpose of this paper is to provide a list of some of these anomalies and also to explore explanations in accord with classical physics. One of the more interesting anomalies is the frequent reports of low-energy nuclear reactions, especially in many experiments with the hydrogen-loading of selected metals. The paper presents an explanation for this widely-reported anomaly and discusses others.
THE FOLLOWING PAPERS WERE SUBMITTED BUT WERE NOT PRESENTED
WHAT IF THEY WERE CORRECT?
ROY E. GRAHAM, JR
Different assumptions and mathematics are sometimes required for New Energy. The author presents: (a) Often overlooked, perhaps not widely noted, statements and work of Tesla, Einstein, Walter Russell, T.H. Moray, and other New Energy giants; (b) Historically significant practices and research in radio, RADAR, SONAR, television, and satellites; especially limits on energy transfer and conversion; (c) A portion of his own energy related research.
ENERGY FROM TRASH, NOT BY BURNING IT
DR. HANS J. PETERMANN
This article describes what happens when you take house trash, mix it with old batteries and old oil remains, plug it into a thermally insulated container, close it airtight in a vacuum and leave electrical bulbs burning inside it? It becomes warm in the container and the pressure rises inside. Combustion can't take place due to lack of oxygen. As simple as it sounds, this experimental arrangement is theoretically unique in demonstrating what really occurs in the reactor container.
GEOMETRIC ENERGY FIELDS
A number of so-called ordinary devices may be considered to exhibit over-unity operation. Capacitors, coils, antennas, and organ pipes (to name just a few) produce a gain or enhanced response to external stimulus which is dependant on geometry. We may generalize the enhanced response of these devices as "Geometric Energy Fields" which are spacial phenomena associated with our modern concept of the aether. Certain optimal geometries and materials may be used to construct devices which exhibit enhanced response under ambient conditions, that is, with no external stimulus. Construction details are presented for two simple devices which generate tangible, linear force effects with absolutely no input power. The value of these educational devices are two-fold: (1) they prove that aetheric grades of matter exist and can be sensed by the average person, and (2) they demonstrate reliable methods of aetheric activation which may be utilized in new energy applications.
MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS IN THE WIN METHOD
WINGATE A. LAMBERTSON, PH.D.
Data are presented showing a yield of 148 percent and 154 watts collected from the vacuum continuum. Circuit diagrams are shown with pictures of the equipment used in the energy collection process. The goal of this research has been to prove that energy can be collected from the vacuum using electron acceleration. That has been accomplished even though stability problems have been identified. Development and testing of commercial prototypes has to be part of the next step.
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